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Exposure to potentially traumatic events in young Swiss men: associations with socio-demographics and mental health outcomes (alcohol use disorder, major depression and suicide attempts).

Authors
  • Estévez-Lamorte, Natalia1, 2, 3, 4
  • Pitzurra, Raffaela3
  • Foster, Simon2, 3, 4
  • Gmel, Gerhard5, 6, 7, 8
  • Mohler-Kuo, Meichun1, 2, 3, 4
  • Schnyder, Ulrich9
  • 1 La Source, School of Nursing Sciences, University of Applied Sciences and Arts, Lausanne, Western Switzerland. , (Switzerland)
  • 2 Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital of Psychiatry Zurich, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. , (Switzerland)
  • 3 Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health Institute, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. , (Switzerland)
  • 4 Swiss Research Institute for Public Health and Addiction, Zurich, Switzerland. , (Switzerland)
  • 5 Addiction Medicine, Lausanne University Hospital and University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland. , (Switzerland)
  • 6 Research Department, Addiction Switzerland, Lausanne, Switzerland. , (Switzerland)
  • 7 Institute for Mental Health Policy Research, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada. , (Canada)
  • 8 Faculty of Health and Social Science, University of the West of England, Bristol, UK.
  • 9 Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Zurich, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. , (Switzerland)
Type
Published Article
Journal
European journal of psychotraumatology
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2019
Volume
10
Issue
1
Pages
1611093–1611093
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/20008198.2019.1611093
PMID: 31231475
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

背景和目的:本研究的目的是估计瑞士年轻男性接触潜在创伤事件(PTEs)的终生和12个月流行率,并评估与此类事件相关的因素和心理健康结果。 方法:数据来自关于物质使用风险因素(C-SURF)的群组研究,被试包括5223名年轻男性。使用创伤后诊断量表(PDS),创伤历史问卷(THQ)和生活事件检查表(LEC)评估PTE暴露。 结果:PTE的终身发生率为59.4%,37.3%报告多种类型的事件。 12个月的发生率为31.2%,其中12.7%报告了多种类型的事件。受教育程度低的参与者,母亲教育程度较高,低于平均水平的家庭富裕,以及与亲生父母分开生活,与在一生中经历过一个或多个PTE的风险较高有关。受教育程度低的参与者和高度的母亲教育也与过去12个月内暴露一个或多个PTE有关。 Logistic回归分析表明,PTE暴露与所有评估的心理健康结果直接相关。在暴露于多种类型的PTE和自杀企图之间发现了最强的关系(调整后的OR 4.9 [95%CI:2.9-8.4])。 结论:这些结果表明,经历过一种或多种类型的PTE在瑞士青年男性中很常见。需要更多工作来减少年轻人对PTE的接触,预防和治疗年轻人的精神健康问题。.

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