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Exposure of insects to radio-frequency electromagnetic fields from 2 to 120 GHz

Authors
  • Thielens, Arno
  • Bell, Duncan
  • Mortimore, David B.
  • Greco, Mark K.
  • Martens, Luc
  • Joseph, Wout
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2018
Source
Ghent University Institutional Archive
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown
External links

Abstract

Insects are continually exposed to Radio-Frequency (RF) electromagnetic fields at different frequencies. The range of frequencies used for wireless telecommunication systems will increase in the near future from below 6 GHz (2 G, 3 G, 4 G, and WiFi) to frequencies up to 120 GHz (5 G). This paper is the first to report the absorbed RF electromagnetic power in four different types of insects as a function of frequency from 2 GHz to 120 GHz. A set of insect models was obtained using novel Micro-CT (computer tomography) imaging. These models were used for the first time in finite-difference time-domain electromagnetic simulations. All insects showed a dependence of the absorbed power on the frequency. All insects showed a general increase in absorbed RF power at and above 6 GHz, in comparison to the absorbed RF power below 6 GHz. Our simulations showed that a shift of 10% of the incident power density to frequencies above 6 GHz would lead to an increase in absorbed power between 3-370%.

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