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Exposure to atrazine by drinking water and the increased risk of neonatal complications in consequence: a meta-analysis.

Authors
  • Ghorbani Nejad, Behnam1
  • Rahimi Kakavandi, Nader2
  • Mirzaei, Soheila3
  • Rastegar Pouyani, Nima4
  • Habibian Sezavar, Ahmad4
  • 1 Department of Toxicology and Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran. , (Iran)
  • 2 Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Health, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran. , (Iran)
  • 3 Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran. , (Iran)
  • 4 Department of Toxicology and Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran. , (Iran)
Type
Published Article
Journal
International journal of environmental health research
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2024
Volume
34
Issue
3
Pages
1443–1452
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/09603123.2023.2219980
PMID: 37266965
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

This meta-analysis evaluates the association between atrazine (ATR) exposure and small for gestational age (SGA), preterm birth (PTB), and low birth weight (LBW). A comprehensive search was done on academic databases (e.g. PubMed, Scopus, Embase, and Google Scholar) to achieve all pertinent studies up to May 2023. A pooled odd ratio (OR) and corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) were applied to evaluate this correlation. As a result, five eligible studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in our study, and the result of the present meta-analysis showed that ATR exposure increased the risk of SGA (OR = 1.11; 95% CI = 1.03-1.20 for highest versus lowest category of ATR), PTB (OR = 1.16; 95% CI = 1.03-1.30), and LBW (OR = 1.26; 95% CI = 1.10-1.44). This meta-analysis suggests that ATR in drinking water may be a risk factor for SGA, PTB, and LBW.

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