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Exploring the Symbiotic Mechanism of a Virus-Mediated Endophytic Fungus in Its Host by Dual Unique Molecular Identifier-RNA Sequencing.

Authors
  • Qu, Zheng1, 2
  • Zhang, Hongxiang1, 2
  • Wang, Qianqian1, 2
  • Zhao, Huizhang1, 2
  • Liu, Xiaofan1, 2
  • Fu, Yanping2
  • Lin, Yang2
  • Xie, Jiatao1, 2
  • Cheng, Jiasen1, 2
  • Li, Bo1, 2
  • Jiang, Daohong1, 2, 3
  • 1 State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, Huazhong Agricultural Universitygrid.35155.37, Hubei Province, Wuhan, China. , (China)
  • 2 Hubei Key Laboratory of Plant Pathology, Huazhong Agricultural Universitygrid.35155.37, Hubei Province, Wuhan, China. , (China)
  • 3 Hubei Hongshan Laboratory, Wuhan, China. , (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
mSystems
Publication Date
Oct 26, 2021
Volume
6
Issue
5
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1128/mSystems.00814-21
PMID: 34519518
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The symbiosis of endophytes and plants is universal in nature. However, how endophytes grow in plants is not entirely clear. Previously, we reported that a virus-infected fungal pathogen could grow in plants as an endophyte. In this study, we utilized Sclerotinia sclerotiorum strain DT-8, a virus-mediated endophyte, to investigate the mechanism of symbiosis with rapeseed by dual unique molecular identifier-RNA sequencing (dual-UMI RNA-seq). We found that the expressions of genes encoding S. sclerotiorum amylase/glucoamylase, glucose transporters, and rapeseed sugars will eventually be exported transporter 11 (SWEET11) were upregulated. It suggested that strain DT-8 might utilize plant starch as a nutrient. The defense systems of rapeseed were also activated, such as production of reactive oxygen species, phenylpropanoids, and brassinin, to control the growth of strain DT-8, while strain DT-8 counteracted host suppression by producing effector-like proteins, detoxification enzymes, and antioxidant components. Moreover, rapeseed also upregulated pectate lyase and pectinesterase genes to facilitate the colonization by strain DT-8. Our findings provide novel insights into the interaction of virus-mediated endophytes and their hosts that warrant further study. IMPORTANCE Although endophytes are widespread in nature, the interactions between endophytes and their hosts are still not fully understood. Members of a unique class of endophytes, the virus-mediated endophytic fungi, are continuously being discovered and have received wide attention. In this study, we investigated the interaction between a mycovirus-mediated endophytic fungus and its host rapeseed by using dual-UMI RNA-seq. According to the dual-UMI RNA-seq results, an aerial view of symbiotic mechanism under balanced regulation was suggested. This research expands our understanding of the symbiotic mechanisms of virus-fungus-plant interactions and could establish a foundation for the further development of practical application with virus-mediated hypovirulent fungi.

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