Exploring the Role of Empathy in Understanding the Social-Cognitive Profile for Individuals Referred for Autism Spectrum Disorders Assessment in Adulthood.
Developmental Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Centre for Innovation in Mental Health, University of Southampton, Southampton, S017 1BJ, UK. [email protected]
Developmental Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Centre for Innovation in Mental Health, University of Southampton, Southampton, S017 1BJ, UK.
Autism Diagnostic Research Centre, 9-19 Rose Road, Southampton, SO14 6TE, UK.
- Published Article
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
- Publication Date
May 01, 2020
This study explored the social-cognitive profile of 173 adults referred for an autism assessment. We considered key dimensional traits (autism, empathy and systemising) to understand social cognition in adults diagnosed with an autism spectrum condition compared with those who were referred for, but did not receive a diagnosis. There were no significant social cognitive differences between groups on measures of emotion recognition and social inference. Adults with a confirmed diagnosis, however, reported fewer empathising traits which were positively associated with social-cognitive understanding. Empathising partially mediated the relationship between diagnostic group and social-cognition. Lower empathising traits in individuals diagnosed in adulthood may be important in understanding challenges with social adaptability. The findings have implications for assessment and highlight the role of empathy in developing social understanding in autism.
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
This record was last updated on 10/06/2020 and may not reflect the most current and accurate biomedical/scientific data available from NLM.
The corresponding record at NLM can be accessed at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30051187