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Exploring Potential Mediation Pathways on the Relationship Between Acculturation and Body Mass Index (BMI) Among Latino Adolescents.

Authors
  • Johansen, Christopher1, 2
  • Reynolds, Kim D1
  • Xie, Bin1
  • Palmer, Paula1
  • 1 School of Community and Global Health, Claremont Graduate University, CA, USA.
  • 2 Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, School of Public Health, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Hispanic health care international : the official journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2022
Volume
20
Issue
2
Pages
89–97
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/15404153211029893
PMID: 34291690
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Positive associations have been observed between acculturation and body mass index (BMI), but the mediators of this relationship are not well established. Acculturation researchers have called for investigating the influence of socio-contextual variables as mediators. The objective of this study was to test the mediating effects of salty snacks, sweet snacks, physical activity, and sedentary behavior on the relationship between acculturation and BMI among Latino adolescents. Adolescents who self-identified as Latino (n = 431) at public high schools in Southern California were recruited and completed a self-report survey. A bootstrapped multiple mediation model was used to test mediation pathways. Acculturation was positively associated with physical activity (B = 0.09, p < .05). The indirect effects of salty snacks, sweet snacks, physical activity, and sedentary behavior were not associated with BMI, suggesting no mediation. Future research should examine additional mediating variables on the relationship between acculturation and BMI.

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