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EXPLORING AN EVERYDAY PHENOMENON: IS PHUBBING ANALOGOUS TO OSTRACISM?

Authors
  • ning, lee jia
Type
Thesis
Publication Date
Aug 02, 2019
Defense Date
Dec 03, 2019
Source
[email protected]
Keywords
License
White
External links

Abstract

Usage of mobile phones within a social interaction is termed as phubbing. Similar to the experience of ostracism, its effects on well-being were robust: the individual experienced lower fulfilment of needs and reported poorer mood. By introducing two moderators (receiving an explanation, reciprocating phone use), this paper aimed to investigate systematically if the experience of phubbing is truly analogous to ostracism. The Experience Sampling Method was used in Study 1 to observe the base rate, and effects of phubbing and the moderators within a naturalistic setting. Study 2 explored the perception of phubbing and its moderators through a vignette. Finally, Study 3 sought to test the effects of phubbing and its moderators within a laboratory setting. Together, the findings showed that those who experienced phubbing reported poorer well-being. While receiving an explanation for, or reciprocating phubbing moderated the relationship, its effects were still present. Crucially, this paper suggests that the innocuous act of phubbing is a modern day ostracism that has detrimental effects on the receiver, even after moderation. Ostracism theories were discussed in conjunction with the findings from this paper.

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