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Exploring the Efficacy of a Mindfulness Program for Boys With Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Oppositional Defiant Disorder.

Authors
  • Muratori, Pietro1
  • Conversano, Ciro2
  • Levantini, Valentina1
  • Masi, Gabriele1
  • Milone, Annarita1
  • Villani, Silvia2
  • Bögels, Susan3
  • Gemignani, Angelo2
  • 1 IRCCS Fondazione Stella Maris, Pisa, Italy. , (Italy)
  • 2 University of Pisa, Italy. , (Italy)
  • 3 University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Attention Disorders
Publisher
SAGE Publications
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2021
Volume
25
Issue
11
Pages
1544–1553
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/1087054720915256
PMID: 32338110
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Objective: This study was the first attempt to explore the efficacy of a mindfulness protocol for children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), and their parents. Method: Fifty male children with ADHD and ODD diagnosis, aged 8 to 12, were randomly assigned to the mindfulness intervention (n = 25) or the wait-list (n = 25) group. Outcome measures included children, parents', and teachers' reports and objective measures of attention. Results: Children from the intervention group had a greater reduction in hyperactive behaviors in the school context (effect size [ES] = 0.59) and a greater improvement in visual sustained attention (ES = 0.77) and in Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire scores (ES = 0.43) than those in the wait-list control group. No significant effect of the intervention on aggressive behaviors was revealed. Conclusion: A mindfulness intervention for children and their parents showed partial beneficial effects in children with ADHD + ODD.

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