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Expanding CAR T cells in human platelet lysate renders T cells with in vivo longevity

Authors
  • Torres Chavez, Alejandro1
  • McKenna, Mary Kathryn1
  • Canestrari, Emanuele2
  • Dann, Christina T.2
  • Ramos, Carlos A.1
  • Lulla, Premal1
  • Leen, Ann M.1
  • Vera, Juan F.1
  • Watanabe, Norihiro1
  • 1 Baylor College of Medicine, 1102 Bates Avenue, Houston, TX, 77030, USA , Houston (United States)
  • 2 Cook Regentec, Indianapolis, IN, USA , Indianapolis (United States)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer
Publisher
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
Nov 28, 2019
Volume
7
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s40425-019-0804-9
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

BackgroundPre-clinical and clinical studies have shown that the infusion of CAR T cells with a naive-like (TN) and central memory (TCM) phenotype is associated with prolonged in vivo T cell persistence and superior anti-tumor effects. To optimize the maintenance of such populations during the in vitro preparation process, we explored the impact of T cell exposure to both traditional [fetal bovine serum (FBS), human AB serum (ABS)] and non-traditional [human platelet lysate (HPL) - a xeno-free protein supplement primarily used for the production of clinical grade mesenchymal stromal / stem cells (MSCs)] serum supplements.MethodsSecond generation chimeric antigen receptor with CD28 and CD3ζ endodomain targeting prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA) (P28z) or CD19 (1928z) were constructed and used for this study. After retroviral transduction, CAR T cells were divided into 3 conditions containing either FBS, ABS or HPL and expanded for 7 days. To evaluate the effect of different sera on CAR T cell function, we performed a series of in vitro and in vivo experiments.ResultsHPL-exposed CAR T cells exhibited the less differentiated T cell phenotype and gene signature, which displayed inferior short-term killing abilities (compared to their FBS- or ABS-cultured counterparts) but superior proliferative and anti-tumor effects in long-term in vitro coculture experiments. Importantly, in mouse xenograft model, HPL-exposed CAR T cells outperformed their ABS or FBS counterparts against both subcutaneous tumor (P28z T cells against Capan-1PSCA) and systemic tumor (1928z T cells against NALM6). We further observed maintenance of less differentiated T cell phenotype in HPL-exposed 1928z T cells generated from patient’s PBMCs with superior anti-tumor effect in long-term in vitro coculture experiments.ConclusionsOur study highlights the importance of serum choice in the generation of CAR T cells for clinical use.

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