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Exosomes secreted by FNDC5-BMMSCs protect myocardial infarction by anti-inflammation and macrophage polarization via NF-κB signaling pathway and Nrf2/HO-1 axis

Authors
  • Ning, Hongjuan1
  • Chen, Haixu2
  • Deng, Jingyu3
  • Xiao, Chun4
  • Xu, Moyan2
  • Shan, Lina1
  • Yang, Chao4
  • Zhang, Zheng4
  • 1 The First Affiliated Hospital of Jinzhou Medical University, Jinzhou, 121001, China , Jinzhou (China)
  • 2 Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, 100853, China , Beijing (China)
  • 3 Air Force Military Medical University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, 710032, China , Xi’an (China)
  • 4 PLA Rocket Force Characteristic Medical Center, Beijing, 100088, China , Beijing (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Publisher
Springer Nature America, Inc
Publication Date
Sep 28, 2021
Volume
12
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s13287-021-02591-4
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Research
License
Green

Abstract

BackgroundExosomes are considered a substitute for stem cell-based therapy for myocardial infarction (MI). FNDC5, a transmembrane protein located in the cytoplasm, plays a crucial role in inflammation diseases and MI repair. Furthermore, our previous study found that FNDC5 pre-conditioning bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) could secrete more exosomes, but little was known on MI repair.MethodsExosomes isolated from BMMSCs with or without FNDC5-OV were injected into infarcted hearts. Then, cardiomyocytes apoptosis and inflammation responses were detected. Furthermore, exosomes were administrated to RAW264.7 macrophage with LPS treatment to investigate its effect on inflammation and macrophage polarization.ResultsCompared with MSCs-Exo, FNDC5-MSCs-Exo had superior therapeutic effects on anti-inflammation and anti-apoptosis, as well as polarizing M2 macrophage in vivo. Meanwhile, the in vitro results also showed that FNDC5-MSCs-Exo decreased pro-inflammatory secretion and increased anti-inflammatory secretion under LPS stimulation, which partly depressed NF‐κB signaling pathway and upregulated Nrf2/HO-1 Axis.ConclusionsFNDC5-BMMSCs-derived exosomes play anti-inflammation effects and promote M2 macrophage polarization via NF-κB signaling pathway and Nrf2/HO-1 Axis, which may develop a promising cell-free therapy for MI.

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