Exiguamine A (1), a hexacyclic alkaloid with an unprecedented skeleton, has been isolated from the marine sponge Neopetrosia exigua collected in Papua New Guinea. The structure of exiguamine A (1) was elucidated by a combination of spectroscopic analysis and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Exiguamine A (1) has a Ki of 210 nM for inhibition of indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) in vitro, making it one of the most potent IDO inhibitors known to date. A putative biogenesis for the new exiguamine skeleton starts from DOPA, tryptophan, and N,N-dimethylhydantoin.
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This record was last updated on 07/03/2016 and may not reflect the most current and accurate biomedical/scientific data available from NLM.
The corresponding record at NLM can be accessed at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17165752