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[Exercise-induced asthma in athletes--a review].

Authors
  • Vuljanko, Ivana Maloča
  • Plavec, Davor
Type
Published Article
Journal
Lijec̆nic̆ki vjesnik
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2014
Volume
136
Issue
11-12
Pages
339–345
Identifiers
PMID: 25647995
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Elite athletes are often subjected to endurance training in the environment in which they are chronically exposed to pollutants/irritants, allergens or cold air. These factors lead to an increased risk of upper and lower respiratory tract dysfunction. The diagnosis of asthma is crucial in elite athletes because of potential implications on athlete's general well-being as well as their competitive ability. Symptoms of asthma in elite athletes are not necessarily associated with the classic features of asthma seen in general population. Other clinical entities can create symptoms similar to those of asthma and therefore can lead to an incorrect diagnosis and ineffective treatment. The diagnosis requires a combination of symptoms and positive laboratory tests. Currently, there is no evidence that the treatment of asthma in athletes should be different from the treatment of asthma in non-athletes. However, some specific issues need to be considered in the elite athletes, such as compliance with the rules of World Anti-Doping Agency and International Olympic Committee.

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