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Examining the role of fundamental psychological needs in the development of metadehumanization: A multi-population approach.

Authors
  • Demoulin, Stéphanie1
  • Nguyen, Nathan1
  • Chevallereau, Tina1
  • Fontesse, Sullivan1
  • Bastart, Jennifer2
  • Stinglhamber, Florence1
  • Maurage, Pierre1
  • 1 Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. , (Belgium)
  • 2 Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis, France. , (France)
Type
Published Article
Journal
The British journal of social psychology
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2021
Volume
60
Issue
1
Pages
196–221
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1111/bjso.12380
PMID: 32346901
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

In the present paper, we investigate dehumanization processes from a victim perspective. We propose that dehumanization experiences, that is metadehumanization, arise from people's feelings that their fundamental human needs are thwarted and that such experiences influence their emotions, self-esteem, and coping strategies. Our model is put at test in three contexts involving different types of dehumanization victims: Women (Study 1a, N = 349), patients with severe alcohol use disorder (Study 1b, N = 120), and employees in organizations (Study 1c, N = 347). Our integrated model of metadehumanization, which considers both its antecedents and consequences, proved stable across contexts and populations and therefore helps building bridges between different psychological disciplines in which dehumanization occurs. © 2020 The British Psychological Society.

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