To investigate the relationship between Machiavellianism and paranoid tendencies we administered the Mach IV scale and Fenigstein and Vanable's Paranoia scale to 150 students enrolled in 4 sections of a course, Introduction to Psychology, at a university in the Middle South. Scores on the 2 were significantly and positively correlated (Pearson r = .50). Men had a significantly higher mean score on Machiavellianism than women. Although men obtained a higher mean on the Paranoia scale than women, the difference was not statistically significant. Implications are discussed.