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Examining K-12 teachers’ feelings, experiences, and perspectives regarding online teaching during the early stage of the COVID-19 pandemic

Authors
  • An, Yunjo1
  • Kaplan-Rakowski, Regina1
  • Yang, Junhe1
  • Conan, Jenna1
  • Kinard, Widad1
  • Daughrity, LeaAnne1
  • 1 University of North Texas,
Type
Published Article
Journal
Educational Technology Research and Development
Publisher
Springer US
Publication Date
Jun 28, 2021
Pages
1–25
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s11423-021-10008-5
PMID: 34220171
PMCID: PMC8237773
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Development Article
License
Unknown

Abstract

This mixed-methods study explored K-12 teachers’ feelings, experiences, and perspectives regarding online teaching during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study also examined teachers’ perspectives of the “new normal” after COVID-19 and of what should be done to better prepare teachers for future emergencies. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected from an online survey and follow-up interviews. A total of 107 teachers from 25 different states in the United States completed the online survey, and 13 teachers from 10 different states participated in the follow-up interviews. The results revealed teachers’ feelings about online teaching and various strategies and tools they used during the early stage of the COVID-19 pandemic. The major challenges faced by teachers during the pandemic included lack of student participation and engagement (or lack of parental support), students without access to technology, concerns about students’ well-being, no face-to-face interactions with students, no work-life balance, and learning new technology. Four major themes emerged regarding how to better prepare teachers for future emergencies: (1) professional development for online learning, (2) technology access, (3) technology training for both teachers and students, and (4) action plans and communication. Regarding teachers’ perspectives of the “new normal,” five major themes emerged: (1) more online or blended learning, (2) rethinking normal, (3) hygiene and social distancing, (4) smaller classes and different school schedules, and (5) uncertainty and concerns about the “new normal.”

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