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Exact Invariants of Chemical Reactions with Participation of Two Reagents

Authors
  • Fedotov, V. Kh.1
  • Kol’tsov, N. I.1
  • Kosianov, P. M.2
  • 1 Ulianov Chuvash State University, Cheboksary, Chuvash Republic, 428034, Russia , Cheboksary (Russia)
  • 2 Tymen Industrial University, Nizhnevartovsk, Nizhnevartovsk Branch, 628600, Russia , Nizhnevartovsk (Russia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry B
Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2020
Volume
14
Issue
2
Pages
284–289
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1134/S1990793120020049
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

AbstractAutonomous (temporal) invariants of nonlinear chemical reactions between two reagents are determined. For dynamic models of such reactions, analytical solutions exist that allow exact invariants to be found. Such invariants are ratios that connect non-equilibrium values of reagent concentrations, measured in two experiments with different initial conditions (dual experiments). These ratios remain strictly constant throughout the reaction. The relations obtained in this paper were applied to the study of the nonstationary properties of one-, two-, and three-stage nonlinear reactions proceeding in a closed system with the kinetic law of mass action. The invariant curves found for these reactions are compared with the curves of change in the concentrations of reagents over the entire transition process. It is shown that the dependences of the invariants on time remain strictly constant (have zero order), while the reagent concentrations undergo exponential changes during the transition process. The results obtained expand the understanding of the characteristics of nonlinear chemical reactions and can be used to solve inverse problems of unsteady chemical kinetics and modeling chemical reactors of ideal mixing under isothermal conditions.

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