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An exact analysis of unsteady MHD free convection flow of some nanofluids with ramped wall velocity and ramped wall temperature accounting heat radiation and injection/consumption

Authors
  • Anwar, Talha1, 1
  • Kumam, Poom1, 1, 2
  • Watthayu, Wiboonsak1
  • 1 King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT), 126 Pracha-Uthit Road, Bang Mod, Thung Khru, Bangkok, 10140, Thailand , Thung Khru (Thailand)
  • 2 China Medical University, Taichung, 40402, Taiwan , Taichung (Taiwan)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Scientific Reports
Publisher
Springer Nature
Publication Date
Oct 20, 2020
Volume
10
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-74739-w
Source
Springer Nature
License
Green

Abstract

This article investigates the influence of ramped wall velocity and ramped wall temperature on time dependent, magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) natural convection flow of some nanofluids close to an infinitely long vertical plate nested in porous medium. Combination of water as base fluid and three types of nanoparticles named as copper, titanium dioxide and aluminum oxide is taken into account. Impacts of non linear thermal radiation flux and heat injection/consumption are also evaluated. The solutions of principal equations of mass and heat transfer are computed in close form by applying Laplace transform. The physical features of connected parameters are discussed and elucidated with the assistance of graphs. The expressions for Nusselt number and skin friction are also calculated and control of pertinent parameters on both phenomenons is presented in tables. A comparative study is performed for ramped wall and isothermal wall to evaluate the application extent of both boundary conditions.

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