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Evolving, complex topography from combining centers of Gaussian curvature.

Authors
  • Feng, Fan
  • Biggins, John S
  • Warner, Mark
Publication Date
Jul 17, 2020
Source
Apollo - University of Cambridge Repository
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown
External links

Abstract

Liquid crystal elastomers and glasses can have significant shape change determined by their director patterns. Cones deformed from circular director patterns have nontrivial Gaussian curvature localized at tips, curved interfaces, and intersections of interfaces. We employ a generalized metric compatibility condition to characterize two families of interfaces between circular director patterns, hyperbolic and elliptical interfaces, and find that the deformed interfaces are geometrically compatible. We focus on hyperbolic interfaces to design complex topographies and nonisometric origami, including n-fold intersections, symmetric and irregular tilings. The large design space of threefold and fourfold tiling is utilized to quantitatively inverse design an array of pixels to display target images. Taken together, our findings provide comprehensive design principles for the design of actuators, displays, and soft robotics in liquid crystal elastomers and glasses.

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