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Evolution of shell structure in neutron-rich calcium isotopes.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Physical Review Letters
1079-7114
Publisher
American Physical Society
Publication Date
Volume
109
Issue
3
Pages
32502–32502
Identifiers
PMID: 22861840
Source
Medline

Abstract

We employ interactions from chiral effective field theory and compute the binding energies and low-lying excitations of calcium isotopes with the coupled-cluster method. Effects of three-nucleon forces are included phenomenologically as in-medium two-nucleon interactions, and the coupling to the particle continuum is taken into account using a Berggren basis. The computed ground-state energies and the low-lying J(π) = 2+ states for the isotopes (42,48,50,52)Ca are in good agreement with data, and we predict the excitation energy of the first J(π) = 2+ state in (54)Ca at 1.9 MeV, displaying only a weak subshell closure. In the odd-mass nuclei (53,55,61)Ca we find that the positive parity states deviate strongly from the naive shell model.

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