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Evolution and genome architecture in fungal plant pathogens.

Authors
  • Möller, Mareike1, 2
  • Stukenbrock, Eva H1, 2
  • 1 Environmental Genomics, Christian-Albrechts University of Kiel, Am Botanischen Garten 1-9, 24118 Kiel, Germany. , (Germany)
  • 2 Max Planck Institute of Evolutionary Biology, August-Thienemann-Straße 2, 24306 Plön, Germany. , (Germany)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Nature Reviews Microbiology
Publisher
Springer Nature
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2017
Volume
15
Issue
12
Pages
756–771
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1038/nrmicro.2017.76
PMID: 28781365
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The fungal kingdom comprises some of the most devastating plant pathogens. Sequencing the genomes of fungal pathogens has shown a remarkable variability in genome size and architecture. Population genomic data enable us to understand the mechanisms and the history of changes in genome size and adaptive evolution in plant pathogens. Although transposable elements predominantly have negative effects on their host, fungal pathogens provide prominent examples of advantageous associations between rapidly evolving transposable elements and virulence genes that cause variation in virulence phenotypes. By providing homogeneous environments at large regional scales, managed ecosystems, such as modern agriculture, can be conducive for the rapid evolution and dispersal of pathogens. In this Review, we summarize key examples from fungal plant pathogen genomics and discuss evolutionary processes in pathogenic fungi in the context of molecular evolution, population genomics and agriculture.

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