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Evidentials in entextualization

Authors
  • Oishi, Etsuko
Type
Published Article
Journal
Intercultural Pragmatics
Publisher
De Gruyter Mouton
Publication Date
Jul 23, 2014
Volume
11
Issue
3
Pages
437–462
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1515/ip-2014-0020
Source
De Gruyter
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

The present paper examines the discursive functions of evidentials within the framework of Austinian speech act theory, and analyzes how they are used in a newspaper article. The discursive functions of evidentials are specified as their contribution to the illocutionary force. By indicating the information source of a situation/event/thing in the world, the speaker (or the writer) testifies, reports, conjectures, or performs other expositive illocutionary acts (Austin [1962] 1975). An inherent feature of the illocutionary and perlocutionary effect is that the hearer (or the reader) is invited to share the interpretation of the situation/event/thing, and to adopt a certain attitude toward it. When the act is successful, the situation/event/thing is imported to the discourse as the content of the act, which becomes a ground for performing a further act. This function of evidentials is described as entextualization functions (Fetzer 2011): the discursive value of the given information is specified, where the specification is marked linguistically. Modals have similar entextualization functions.

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