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Evidence of Zip1 Promoting Sister Kinetochore Mono-orientation During Meiosis in Budding Yeast

Authors
  • PRAJAPATI, HK
  • AGARWAL, M
  • MITTAL, P
  • GHOSH, SK
Publication Date
Dec 03, 2018
Source
DSpace at IIT Bombay
Keywords
License
Unknown
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Abstract

Halving of the genome during meiosis I is achieved as the homologous chromosomes move to the opposite spindle poles whereas the sister chromatids stay together and move to the same pole. This requires that the sister kinetochores should take a side-by-side orientation in order to connect to the microtubules emanating from the same pole. Factors that constrain sister kinetochores to adopt such orientation are therefore crucial to achieve reductional chromosome segregation in meiosis I. In budding yeast, a protein complex, known as monopolin, is involved in conjoining of the sister kinetochores and thus facilitates their binding to the microtubules from the same pole. In this study, we report Zip1, a synaptonemal complex component, as another factor that might help the sister kinetochores to take the side-by-side orientation and promote their mono-orientation on the meiosis I spindle. From our results, we propose that the localization of Zip1 at the centromere may provide an additional constraining factor that promotes monopolin to cross-link the sister kinetochores enabling them to mono-orient.

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