Ventrolateral (VL) thalamotomy produced a marked reduction of oscillations related to the supraspinal components of Parkinson's disease tremor (4-7 Hz) and physiological tremor (8-12 Hz). Finger tremor was examined in nine patients undergoing unilateral VL thalamotomy and in nine age-matched controls. In comparison to the preoperative state, the relative percentage of power within the 7.6-12.5 Hz band did not increase after the surgical procedure. Furthermore, the amount of absolute power within the 7.6-12.5 Hz band was much lower for post-surgical patients in comparison to matched controls when periods of tremor having equal amplitudes were compared. These results suggest that VL thalamotomy interrupts a common circuit involved in the supraspinal component of both physiological and pathological tremors. We provide evidence that the thalamus may be involved in circuits generating physiological tremor in humans.