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Evidence for lymphatic transport of insulin by topically applied biphasic vesicles.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology
Publication Date
Volume
55
Issue
10
Pages
1339–1344
Identifiers
PMID: 14607014
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The cutaneous delivery pathway through the lymphatics of a novel transdermal lipid-based delivery system (biphasic vesicles), which was previously shown to deliver sustained physiological levels of basal insulin in a pain-free manner across the skin, was evaluated in a diabetic rat model. Transdermal patches (one per rat) containing insulin in biphasic vesicles (1-10 mg recombinant human insulin dose) were applied to the shaved abdominal skin of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats for 73 h. Blood glucose was monitored approximately every 2-10 h using a Lifescan glucose meter. Inguinal lymph node insulin levels were analysed by ELISA. Insulin in the lymph nodes increased in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Maximal transdermal insulin concentrations in the lymph nodes were observed with both 140 IU (5 mg: 43.0 +/- 18.0 microIU mg(-1) (mean +/- s.e.m., n = 4)) and 280 IU (10 mg: 48.0 +/- 19.6 microIU mg(-1) (mean +/- s.e.m., n = 4)) doses of recombinant insulin at t = 73 h. The level of insulin in the lymph nodes after subcutaneous injection of 1 mg insulin at the peak blood glucose response was 35.8 microIU mg(-1) (n = 2), before falling to 0.35 microIU mg(-1) by t = 48 h (n = 2). The lymphatics is involved in the transdermal insulin delivery by biphasic vesicles. This is the first report on the lymphatic transport of a protein after non-invasive topical application on the skin.

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