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Evidence for a repair enzyme complex involving ERCC1 and complementing activities of ERCC4, ERCC11 and xeroderma pigmentosum group F.

Authors
  • A J van Vuuren
  • E Appeldoorn
  • H Odijk
  • A Yasui
  • N G Jaspers
  • D Bootsma
  • J H Hoeijmakers
Publication Date
Sep 01, 1993
Source
PMC
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Medicine
License
Unknown

Abstract

Nucleotide excision repair (NER), one of the major cellular DNA repair systems, removes a wide range of lesions in a multi-enzyme reaction. In man, a NER defect due to a mutation in one of at least 11 distinct genes, can give rise to the inherited repair disorders xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), Cockayne's syndrome or PIBIDS, a photosensitive form of the brittle hair disease trichothiodystrophy. Laboratory-induced NER-deficient mutants of cultured rodent cells have been classified into 11 complementation groups (CGs). Some of these have been shown to correspond with human disorders. In cell-free extracts prepared from rodent CGs 1-5 and 11, but not in a mutant from CG6, we find an impaired repair of damage induced in plasmids by UV light and N-acetoxy-acetylaminofluorene. Complementation analysis in vitro of rodent CGs is accomplished by pairwise mixing of mutant extracts. The results show that mutants from groups 2, 3, 5 and XP-A can complement all other CGs tested. However, selective non-complementation in vitro was observed in mutual mixtures of groups 1, 4, 11 and XP-F, suggesting that the complementing activities involved somehow affect each other. Depletion of wild-type human extracts from ERCC1 protein using specific anti-ERCC1 antibodies concomitantly removed the correcting activities for groups 4, 11 and XP-F, but not those for the other CGs. Furthermore, we find that 33 kDa ERCC1 protein sediments as a high mol. wt species of approximately 120 kDa in a native glycerol gradient.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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