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An evidence-based approach to noninvasive ventilation in acute respiratory failure.

Authors
  • Keenan, S P1
  • Brake, D
  • 1 Department of Critical Care Medicine, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada. , (Canada)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Critical care clinics
Publication Date
Jul 01, 1998
Volume
14
Issue
3
Pages
359–372
Identifiers
PMID: 9700436
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

This article reviews the literature of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) in patients with acute respiratory failure. The article divides acute respiratory failure into the categories of primary ventilation failure and oxygenation failure, and examines various diagnostic groups within these categories. Although the use of NPPV for patients with acute respiratory failure of other etiologies requires further study, the authors conclude that there is sufficient evidence to support the use of NPPV in acute, severe exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

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