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Everyday Cognitive Control and Emotion Dysregulation in Young Adults With and Without ADHD: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study

Authors
  • Ben-Dor Cohen, Maayan1
  • Maeir, Adina1
  • Eldar, Eran1
  • Nahum, Mor1
  • 1 Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Attention Disorders
Publisher
SAGE Publications
Publication Date
Feb 13, 2023
Volume
27
Issue
5
Pages
539–553
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/10870547231153934
PMID: 36779529
PMCID: PMC9978869
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Articles
License
Unknown

Abstract

Objective: This study examined the contribution of the temporal dynamics of two cognitive control mechanisms—inhibitory control (IC) and working memory (WM)—to emotion dysregulation (ED) in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in ecological settings. Method: One hundred twenty-two participants (age 18–33 years; 60 with ADHD) reported their ED at baseline, followed by a 5-day ecological momentary assessment (EMA) study, with short behavioral IC and WM tasks performed five times/day. Results: For IC, mean and lability of performance over EMA significantly accounted for differences in ED but not baseline performance. For WM, both baseline and mean of EMA, but not EMA lability, accounted for ED variance. ADHD status further contributed to the explained variance of ED. Conclusions: Our results support the contribution of dynamic IC processes to ED in ADHD, in addition to WM performance level, and highlight the importance of dynamic and ecological investigation of different cognitive control components.

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