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Evaluation of spine structure stability at different locations during SBRT.

  • Knybel, Lukas1
  • Cvek, Jakub1
  • Cermakova, Zuzana1
  • Havelka, Jaroslav2
  • Pomaki, Michaela2
  • Resova, Kamila1
  • 1 Department of Oncology, University Hospital Ostrava, Ostrava, Czech Republic. , (Czechia)
  • 2 Department of Radiology, University Hospital Ostrava, Ostrava, Czech Republic. , (Czechia)
Published Article
Biomedical papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacky, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2020
DOI: 10.5507/bp.2019.027
PMID: 31219105


Modern stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) techniques and systems that use online image guidance offer frameless radiotherapy of spinal tumors and the ability to control intrafraction motion during treatment. These systems allow precise alignment of the patient during the entire treatment session and react immediately to random changes in this alignment. Online tracking data provide information about intrafractional changes, and this information can be useful for designing treatment strategies even if online tracking is not being used. The present study evaluated spine motion during SBRT treatment to assess the risk of verifying patient alignment only prior to starting treatment. This study included 123 patients treated with spine SBRT. We analyzed different locations within the spine using system log files generated during treatment, which contain information about differences in the pretreatment reference spine positions by CT versus positions during SBRT treatment. The mean spine motion and intra/interfraction motion was evaluated. We defined and assessed the spine stability and spine significant shifts (SSHs) during treatment. We analyzed 462 fractions. For the cervical (C) spine, the greatest shifts were in the anterior-posterior (AP) direction (2.48 mm) and in pitch rotation (1.75 deg). The thoracic (Th) spine showed the biggest shift in the AP direction (3.68 mm) and in roll rotation (1.66 deg). For the lumbar-sacral (LS) spine, the biggest shift was found for left-right (LR) translation (3.81 mm) and roll rotation (3.67 deg). No C spine case exceeded 1 mm/1 deg for interfraction variability, but 7 of 54 Th spine cases exceeded 1 mm interfraction variability for translations (maximum value, 2.5 mm in the AP direction). The interfraction variability for translations exceeded 1 mm in 2 of 24 LS spine cases (maximum value, 1.7 mm in the LR direction). Only 13% of cases had no SSHs. The mean times to SSH were 6.5±3.9 min, 8.1±5.9 min, and 8.8±7.1 min for the C, Th, and LS spine, respectively, and the mean recorded SSH values were 1.6±0.66, 1.43±0.33, and 1.46±0.47 mm/deg, respectively. Positional tracking during spine SBRT treatments revealed low mean translational and rotational shifts. Patient immobilization did not improve spine shifts compared with our results for the Th and LS spine without immobilization. For the most precise spine SBRT, we recommend checking the patient's position during treatment.

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