Abstract Background: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a cardiovascular disease caused by obstruction of coronary arteries by atheromatous plaque. Susceptibility to this disease may be related to genetic variations, such as single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Objective: In this study, we evaluated the relationship between SNPs in IL8 (rs4073; -251 A/T) and IL16 (rs11556218; T/G) genes and SCA in a Brazilian population. Materials and Methods: A sample of 200 patients with ACS and 50 non-ACS patients hospitalized at the Real Hospital Português, Recife - PE, Brazil, and 220 blood donors (donors) was used. Genotyping was carried out by polymerase chain reaction, and DNA sequencing. Statistical analyzes were performed using the Williams G, Chi-square and Kruskal Wallis tests, using the BioEstat 5.0 program, and the data with a value of p < 0.05 were considered significant. Results: In the IL8 gene, the AT genotype was the most frequent (p > 0.05) in all three groups. In the IL16 gene, genotypic distributions were different between patients with ACS and the donor group (p = 0.002), with the most frequent G allele in the second group (p = 0.0052). The IL-16 cytokine was higher in donors than in patients with ACS (p = 0.04) and the G (TG + GG) allele had higher values of this cytokine (p = 0.01). Conclusions: The results demonstrate the important role of the rs11556218 SNP in IL16 gene in SCA, evidencing that the G allele may be associated with a decreased risk of the disease.