The Vitek ImmunoDiagnostic Assay System (VIDAS) is a 2 1/3-h automated qualitative enzyme-linked fluorescent immunoassay developed for the direct detection of herpes simplex virus (HSV) antigen in clinical specimens. A total of 356 clinical specimens submitted for HSV isolation were prospectively evaluated with the VIDAS, and the results of the technique were compared with those of both HSV isolation in cell culture and Herpchek, a nonautomated enzyme immunoassay. Compared to cell culture, VIDAS had a sensitivity of 91.6% and a specificity of 89.3%, with positive and negative predictive values of 82.6 and 95.0%, respectively. In comparison to Herpchek, VIDAS had a sensitivity of 93.7% and a specificity of 93.0%, with positive and negative predictive values of 89.4 and 95.9%, respectively. The results demonstrated that the VIDAS required minimal manipulation in order to produce results comparable to those of Herpchek and HSV isolation in cell culture.