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[Evaluation of occupational risk factors, nutritional habits and nutritional status in industrial workers].

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Annales Academiae Medicae Stetinensis
Publication Date
Volume
46
Pages
51–62
Identifiers
PMID: 11712317
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between selected risk factors at the workplace and health indices in relation to nutritional habits and nutritional status in industrial workers. Exposure to physical and chemical risk factors and their impact on health in the province of Szczecin and in Poland was evaluated basing on data published in the Yearbooks of the Province of Szczecin, the Central Statistics Bureau (GUS) and Regional Inspectorate of Labor (OIP) in Szczecin. A random selection of plants in Szczecin was done and workplaces with chemical and physical risk levels exceeding the highest acceptable values were identified. Measurements of concentrations of chemicals and intensity of physical factors were performed by Work Environment Research Laboratories of the plants and by the laboratory of the Sanitary and Epidemiological Center in Szczecin. Eighty-eight men exposed to occupational risk factors were randomly selected. The mean period of exposure in that group was approximately ten years. The control group was composed of male workers (n = 83) not exposed to any of the risk factors in question (Tab. 3). Nutritional habits and nutritional status were studied during summer/autumn and winter/spring periods. Dietary survey consisted of the last 24-hour nutrient intake questionnaire. Nutritional status evaluation was based on body mass index (BMI) values and results of the following laboratory tests: blood cell count, levels of total protein, prealbumin, retinol binding protein (RBP), magnesium, inorganic phosphorus, and ascorbic acid. The following results were obtained: 1. Physical factors constituted the most frequent source of occupational risk in the province of Szczecin and in Poland in 1990-1994 (Tab. 1); 2. The incidence of occupational risk and occupational disease morbidity rates in 1990-1994 were lower for the province of Szczecin than the average for Poland; 3. The rate of fatal accidents at work in 1982-1994 was higher for the province of Szczecin than the average for Poland (Tab. 2); 4. Differences in dietary habits between the study and control groups were not statistically significant; 5. Statistically significant differences as to levels of prealbumin (Tab. 6), inorganic phosphorus (Tab. 7) and ascorbic acid (Tab. 8) between the study and control groups were found. In conclusion, conditions at the workplace should be improved, efforts to reduce exposure to physical and chemical risk factors should be intensified, and a healthy lifestyle should be promoted among industrial workers.

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