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Evaluation of lifestyle and dietary inflammatory score and their relationship with the odds of depression, stress, and anxiety in adults living in Yazd, Iran; based on YaHS and TAMYZ cohort study.

Authors
  • Varaee, Hadis1
  • Mirzaei, Masoud2
  • Salehi-Abargouei, Amin3
  • Ahmadi, Nastaran2
  • Hosseinzadeh, Mahdieh4
  • 1 Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, International Campus of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Science, Yazd, Iran; Research Center for Food Hygiene and Safety, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran. , (Iran)
  • 2 Yazd Cardiovascular Research Centre, Non-Communicable Diseases Research Institute, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran. , (Iran)
  • 3 Yazd Cardiovascular Research Centre, Non-Communicable Diseases Research Institute, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran; Research Center for Food Hygiene and Safety, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran; Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran. , (Iran)
  • 4 Research Center for Food Hygiene and Safety, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran; Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran. Electronic address: [email protected]. , (Iran)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of affective disorders
Publication Date
Feb 15, 2024
Volume
347
Pages
486–491
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2023.11.069
PMID: 38000473
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Mental disorders such as depression, anxiety and stress are becoming more common worldwide. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between dietary inflammations scores (DIS) and lifestyle inflammation scores (LIS) and the risk of depression, stress, and anxiety in a large sample of Iranian adults. This study was based on 5579 adults (20-70 years) who participated in the Yazd Health Study (YaHS). The DIS score was calculated from the intake of 19 food groups and the LIS score was derived from four components. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratio (ORs) and 95 % confidence interval (CI) of depression, stress, and anxiety across quartiles of DIS and LIS. 2749 of the participants (46 % male) had anxiety, depression and stress. According to the adjusted model, there was a positive association between LIS and the risk of anxiety (OR: 1.23, 95 % CI: 1.01-1.49) and depression (OR: 1.39, 95 % CI: 1.14-1.69, P for trend: 0.03). However, there was no significant association between LIS and the risk of stress. There was also no significant association between DIS and the risk of anxiety, depression and stress. This study demonstrated that higher LIS scores were associated with depression and anxiety. It is suggested that following a LIS that includes smoking status, physical activity, alcohol consumption, and body mass index as indicators of the inflammatory promoting lifestyle, may increase the risk of depression and anxiety. Copyright © 2023. Published by Elsevier B.V.

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