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Evaluation of elutriated single donor platelets collected and stored in a closed system.

Authors
  • Elias, M K
  • Blom, N
  • Rijskamp, L
  • Weggemans, M
  • Halie, M R
  • Das, P C
  • Smit Sibinga, C T
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of clinical apheresis
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1992
Volume
7
Issue
4
Pages
183–190
Identifiers
PMID: 1299656
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Single donor platelets (SDPC) were collected by the elutriation technique in a closed-system integrated with large storage containers. Seven runs of SDPC were stored in a 1.5 liter polyvinyl-chloride trimellitate (PVC-TOTM) storage container, making the ratio of platelet concentrate volume to container volume 1:4.5. An equal volume of pooled multiple donor platelet concentrates (MDPC) was stored in parallel under the same conditions. All haematological data were comparable for both products, except for the degree of leukocyte contamination (5-fold increase in the pool). Under these conditions, the functional, morphological, and metabolic characteristics of elutriated platelets throughout 7-day storage were superior to those of pooled platelets. Although the platelet count was not significantly different in both types of concentrates, the mean pH of pooled MDPC fell to 6.0 on day 5 of storage. Leukocytes were shown to contribute to this pH fall. The extent of cell damage, however, as evidenced by LDH leakage (42.7 LDH units/10(11) platelets/day by differential centrifugation, compared to 5.3 units by elutriation) could not be explained solely on the basis of the leukocyte effect. This indicated that the processing method itself influences the platelet quality. By increasing the surface/volume ratio of SDPC, the initial pH of 7.1 was well maintained throughout storage, platelet metabolic rate was slowed, and the function and ultrastructure improved significantly.

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