The purpose of the present study was to determine whether copper histidine could inhibit copper transporter 1 (Ctr1)-mediated transport of oxaliplatin in vitro and thereby limit the accumulation of platinum and neurotoxicity of oxaliplatin in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) tissue in vivo. In HEK293 cells overexpressing rat Ctr1, copper histidine was shown to be transported by Ctr1 and to inhibit their Ctr1-mediated uptake of oxaliplatin. Pilot in vivo dose-finding studies showed that copper histidine at doses up to 2 mg/kg, p.o., daily for 5 days/week could be added to maximum tolerated doses of oxaliplatin (1.85 mg/kg, i.p., twice weekly) for 8 week combination treatment studies in female Wistar rats. After treatment, rats showed significant changes in sensory neuron size profiles in DRG tissue induced by oxaliplatin that were not altered by its coadministration with copper histidine. The expression of copper transporters (Ctr1 and copper-transporting P-type ATPase 1 (Atp7a)) in DRG tissue appeared unchanged following treatment with oxaliplatin given alone or with copper histidine. Platinum and copper tissue levels were higher in DRG than in most other tissues, but were unaltered by the addition of copper histidine to oxaliplatin treatment. In conclusion, copper histidine inhibited cellular uptake of oxaliplatin mediated by Ctr1 in vitro without altering the accumulation of platinum or neurotoxicity of oxaliplatin in DRG tissue in vivo at doses tolerated in combination with oxaliplatin treatment.