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[Evaluation of the effect of environmental exposure to tobacco smoke on variability of peak expiratory flow rate in children].

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Pneumonologia i alergologia polska
Publication Date
Volume
65
Issue
9-10
Pages
628–634
Identifiers
PMID: 9489436
Source
Medline

Abstract

A panel study was conducted in autumn (116 children) and repeated in spring (66 children) to test the hypothesis that the individual variability of peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) depends on the environmental exposure to tobacco smoke (ETS). PEFR was measured twice a day (morning: PEFR-M; evening: PEFR-E), using individual meters at homes, in children exposed (ETS+) and not exposed (ETS-) to tobacco smoke at home. In examined groups the individual variability of PEFR-M was--on average--8.0% (ETS+; autumn), 8.1% (ETS+; spring), 10.5% (ETS-; autumn) and 7.7% (ETS-; spring). The individual variability of PEFR-E was 8.0% (ETS+; autumn), 7.9% (ETS+; spring), 9.5% (ETS-; autumn) and 7.4% (ETS-; spring). The results of multivariate analysis of within- and between-subject variability showed the presence of statistically significant within-subject variability only in ETS+ group (PEFR-M in autumn; PEFR-M and PEFR-E in spring). With all the limitations of a panel study design the findings suggest that environmental exposure to tobacco smoke in children affects the degree of within-subject variability of PEFR in children.

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