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The Impact of Economic Growth and Air Pollution on Public Health in 31 Chinese Cities.

Authors
  • Li, Ying1
  • Chiu, Yung-Ho2
  • Lin, Tai-Yu3
  • 1 Business School, Sichuan University, Wangjiang Road No. 29, Chengdu 610064, China. [email protected] , (China)
  • 2 Department of Economics, Soochow University, 56, Kueiyang St., Sec. 1, Taipei 10048, Taiwan. [email protected] , (Taiwan)
  • 3 Department of Economics, Soochow University, 56, Kueiyang St., Sec. 1, Taipei 10048, Taiwan. [email protected] , (Taiwan)
Type
Published Article
Journal
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Publisher
MDPI AG
Publication Date
Jan 30, 2019
Volume
16
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16030393
PMID: 30704130
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The rapid economic growth of China in the last twenty years has caused a commensurate rise in atmospheric pollution which has had an impact on both the environment and public health. Since 2013, SO₂, CO₂ and nitrogen oxide levels have reached a level that may cause climate change and have adverse effects on the health of the local residents. Past environmental efficiency analyses have rarely examined economic development, air pollution and health as interacting systems; therefore, this study used a new two-stage DEA model, the Modified Undesirable EBM Two Stage DEA (Epsilon-Based Measure) to explore the environmental, economic and health efficiencies in thirty-one major cities in China. The results were as follows: while all cities needed to improve their GDP, the environmental efficiencies were continuing to rise in most cities. The health efficiency index indicated that disease efficiency had increased in most cities but declined in one third; therefore, it is necessary to strengthen treatment. The respiratory disease treatment efficiency in most cities was rising, and the room for improvement had significantly reduced. There were improvements in the mortality rate in 15 cities; however, the mortality rate treatment efficiency declined in 11 cities.

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