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Evaluation de la méthode ZDES sur un compresseur axial : analyse des effets de sillages venant de l’amont et du vannage sur le tourbillon de jeu

Authors
  • Riera, William
Publication Date
Nov 27, 2014
Source
HAL-UPMC
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown
External links

Abstract

The tip-leakage flow in axial compressors is studied with the Zonal Detached Eddy Simulation (ZDES). This study aims at evaluating the capability of hybrid URANS/LES methods to simulate the tip-leakage flow within a realistic axial compressor in order to better understand the involved physics, especially the behaviour of the flow near surge and the effects of stator wakes on the downstream rotor. Once the ZDES method is chosen, a numerical test bench is defined to simulate the first rotor of the research compressor CREATE. This bench takes into account the unsteady effects of the Inlet Guide Vane (IGV), such as its wake as well as vortices generated at the IGV hub and tip. It is based upon ZDES meshing criteria and is used to evaluate this method compared to classic RANS and URANS approaches. A method validation is carried out up to a spectral analysis compared to experimental data. The ZDES is capable to capture more accurately the intensity and position of the unsteady phenomena encountered in the tip region, especially the tip-leakage vortex. The power spectral densities highlight that this partly originates from a better capture of the energy transfer from large to small structures until their dissipation. The discrepancy between the methods is accentuated as the tip-leakage vortex crosses the shock. Near the surge line, the interactions between the shock, the tip-leakage vortex, the boundary layer developing on the shroud and the vortex generated by the IGV tip are amplified. The boundary layer on the shroud separates earlier and a local flow inversion occurs. Besides, the tip-leakage vortex widens and is deflected toward the adjacent blade. This strengthens the double leakage. At the design operating point, the interaction of the IGV tip vortex with the shock and the rotor tip vortex is studied. A vortex flutter is observed as the IGV tip vortex arrives on the rotor blade and stretches the rotor tip vortex. This phenomenon decreases the double leakage.

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