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The Evaluation of Contact Sensitivity with Standard and Cosmetic Patch Test Series in Rosacea Patients.

Authors
  • Erdogan, Hilal Kaya1
  • Bulur, Isil2
  • Saracoglu, Zeynep Nurhan1
  • Bilgin, Muzaffer3
  • 1 Department of Dermatology, Eskişehir Osmangazi University Faculty of Medicine, Eskisehir, Turkey. , (Turkey)
  • 2 Department of Dermatology, Memorial Sisli Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. , (Turkey)
  • 3 Department of Biostatistics, Eskişehir Osmangazi University Faculty of Medicine, Eskisehir, Turkey. , (Turkey)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Annals of dermatology
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2018
Volume
30
Issue
3
Pages
290–295
Identifiers
DOI: 10.5021/ad.2018.30.3.290
PMID: 29853742
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Rosacea is a common dermatosis characterized by erythema, telangiectasia, papules and pustules. We aimed to evaluate contact sensitivity in the rosacea patients. We included 65 rosacea patients and 60 healthy volunteers in the study. The patient and control groups were patch tested with European baseline series and cosmetic series. A positive reaction to at least 1 allergen in the European standard series was found in 32.3% of rosacea patients and 20.0% of subjects in the control group while the relevant numbers were 30.8% of rosacea patients and 10% of controls with the cosmetic series (p=0.08). In total, we found a positive reaction to at least 1 allergen in 38.5% of patients and 25.0% of controls (p=0.15). We did not find a statistically significant relationship between a positive reaction to 1 allergen in total and the gender, skin type, rosacea type, ocular involvement, age and disease duration. There were more symptoms in patients with a positive reaction to allergens (p<0.001). Contact sensitivity was detected more common in rosacea patients. Patch testing may be useful in the treatment and follow up of rosacea patients especially if symptoms such as itching, burning and stinging are present.

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