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An evaluation of a commercial chewing gum in combination with normal toothbrushing for reducing dental plaque and gingivitis.

Authors
  • Sharma, N C
  • Galustians, J H
  • Qaqish, J G
Type
Published Article
Journal
Compendium of continuing education in dentistry (Jamesburg, N.J. : 1995)
Publication Date
Jul 01, 2001
Volume
22
Issue
7A
Pages
13–17
Identifiers
PMID: 11913304
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

New evidence suggests a beneficial outcome to chewing a sugarless gum as an added component to a regular, twice-daily toothbrushing regimen. Results of a 4-week study performed on 78 adults with preexisting gingivitis showed a significant reduction of dental plaque and gingivitis when the test group of 39 adults chewed 2 pieces of ARM & HAMMER Dental Care The Baking Soda Gum (AHDC)--a sugar-free chewing gum containing sorbitol, malitol, xylitol, and sodium bicarbonate--for 20 minutes twice a day in conjunction with once-daily toothbrushing for 60 seconds. The control group, also comprised of 39 adults, used breath mints (the study placebo) twice a day in conjunction with the same toothbrushing regimen. There were no statistically significant differences in plaque and gingivitis scores at the baseline examination. Using the Quigley-Hein Plaque Index, the test group experienced a 17% reduction in plaque over 4 weeks, while the control group reduced their plaque amounts by approximately 9% over the same period. Lobene's Mean Gingivitis Index scores were equally significant: a nearly 10% decline for the test group compared to almost 2% for the control group. This article describes the 4-week study and its promising results.

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