Quantitative determinations of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBFf, rCBFm) and volume (rCBV), transfer time (rCTT) and fast compartmental weight (Wf) were performed in 34 patients with infarctions of the carotid area by a 133Xe and 99mTc intravenous injection method. The results were compared with clinical signs and electroencephalographic (EEG) findings. A significant difference was found between the lesion side and the control side in all the parameters except rCBV. This difference increased with the severity of the infarction and age of the patients. The difference between the two sides was especially great in the patients with totally occluded internal carotid artery. A slight diaschisis could be observed in the present infarction group. An almost significant reduction on the "normal side" was seen in Wf. In order to assess the reciprocal influence of all the different blood flow parameters, the difference index (DI): Formula: (see text) was calculated, where delta i = the difference between the two sides in one parameter expressed in percent. This proved to be abnormal in 80% of the patients. The atraumatic isotope technique employed offers a good opportunity for the quantitative evaluation of hemodynamics in cerebral infarction and serves as an aid in the diagnosis of infarction.