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Evaluating Recall and Recognition Memory Using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment: Applicability for Alzheimer's and Huntington's Diseases.

Authors
  • Van Liew, Charles1, 2
  • Santoro, Maya S3
  • Goldstein, Jody4
  • Gluhm, Shea4
  • Gilbert, Paul E3
  • Corey-Bloom, Jody4
  • 1 Department of Neurosciences, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA [email protected]
  • 2 Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, USA.
  • 3 Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, University of California, San Diego/San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, USA.
  • 4 Department of Neurosciences, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
American journal of Alzheimer's disease and other dementias
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2016
Volume
31
Issue
8
Pages
658–663
Identifiers
PMID: 27678491
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

We sought to investigate whether the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) could provide a brief assessment of recall and recognition using Huntington disease (HD) and Alzheimer disease (AD) as disorders characterized by different memory deficits. This study included 80 participants with HD, 64 participants with AD, and 183 community-dwelling control participants. Random-effects hierarchical logistic regressions were performed to assess the relative performance of the normal control (NC), participants with HD, and participants with AD on verbal free recall, cued recall, and multiple-choice recognition on the MoCA. The NC participants performed significantly better than participants with AD at all the 3 levels of assessment. No difference existed between participants with HD and NC for cued recall, but NC participants performed significantly better than participants with HD on free recall and recognition. The participants with HD performed significantly better than participants with AD at all the 3 levels of assessment. The MoCA appears to be a valuable, brief cognitive assessment capable of identifying specific memory deficits consistent with known differences in memory profiles.

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