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Evaluating the potential occupational hazard of handling dental polymer products using the HET-CAM technique.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
International journal of occupational safety and ergonomics : JOSE
Publication Date
Volume
5
Issue
1
Pages
43–57
Identifiers
PMID: 10602638
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The irritation potencies of 8 dental polymer products, used as dental restorative materials, adhesives, or temporary constructions, were tested using the HET-CAM (hen's egg test-chorioallantoic membrane) technique. Liquid and powder components, and extracts of cured and freshly mixed non-cured materials of 5 glass ionomers, 1 bonding, 1 composite, and 1 cold-cured acrylate were examined. Results showed that the liquid component of all products had a strong irritation capacity but powder suspensions and extracts from cured and freshly mixed non-cured materials had no effect on the CAM. Thus, dental personnel who handle liquid and powder manually are exposed to components with a high irritation potential, in contrast to patients who are exposed to the cured and mixed non-cured materials with low irritation potential. This illustrates the importance of safe handling procedures and practices for dental personnel who handle non-cured polymers manually.

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