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Evaluating the impact of open access policies on research institutions.

Authors
  • Huang, Chun-Kai Karl1
  • Neylon, Cameron1, 2
  • Hosking, Richard2
  • Montgomery, Lucy1, 2
  • Wilson, Katie S1
  • Ozaygen, Alkim1
  • Brookes-Kenworthy, Chloe1
  • 1 Centre for Culture and Technology, School of Media, Creative Arts and Social Inquiry, Curtin University, Perth, Australia. , (Australia)
  • 2 Curtin Institute for Computation, Curtin University, Perth, Australia. , (Australia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
eLife
Publisher
"eLife Sciences Organisation, Ltd."
Publication Date
Sep 14, 2020
Volume
9
Identifiers
DOI: 10.7554/eLife.57067
PMID: 32924933
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The proportion of research outputs published in open access journals or made available on other freely-accessible platforms has increased over the past two decades, driven largely by funder mandates, institutional policies, grass-roots advocacy, and changing attitudes in the research community. However, the relative effectiveness of these different interventions has remained largely unexplored. Here we present a robust, transparent and updateable method for analysing how these interventions affect the open access performance of individual institutes. We studied 1,207 institutions from across the world, and found that, in 2017, the top-performing universities published around 80-90% of their research open access. The analysis also showed that publisher-mediated (gold) open access was popular in Latin American and African universities, whereas the growth of open access in Europe and North America has mostly been driven by repositories. © 2020, Huang et al.

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