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EUS-guided drainage using lumen apposing metal stent and percutaneous endoscopic necrosectomy as dual approach for the management of complex walled-off necrosis: a case report and a review of the literature

Authors
  • Binda, Cecilia1
  • Sbrancia, Monica1
  • La Marca, Marina2
  • Colussi, Dora1
  • Vizzuso, Antonio3
  • Tomasoni, Matteo4
  • Agnoletti, Vanni5
  • Giampalma, Emanuela5
  • Ansaloni, Luca4
  • Fabbri, Carlo1
  • 1 AUSL Romagna, Forlì-Cesena, Italy , Forlì-Cesena (Italy)
  • 2 S.Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Bologna, Italy , Bologna (Italy)
  • 3 AUSL Romagna, Forli, Italy , Forli (Italy)
  • 4 M. Bufalini Hospital, Cesena, Italy , Cesena (Italy)
  • 5 AUSL Romagna, Cesena, Italy , Cesena (Italy)
Type
Published Article
Journal
World Journal of Emergency Surgery
Publisher
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
Jun 02, 2021
Volume
16
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s13017-021-00367-y
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

BackgroundEndoscopic ultrasound-guided drainage is suggested as the first approach in the management of symptomatic and complex walled-off pancreatic necrosis. Dual approach with percutaneous drainage could be the best choice when the necrosis is deep extended till the pelvic paracolic gutter; however, the available catheter could not be large enough to drain solid necrosis neither to perform necrosectomy, entailing a higher need for surgery. Therefore, percutaneous endoscopic necrosectomy through a large bore percutaneous self-expandable metal stent has been proposed.Case presentationIn this study, we present the case of a 61-year-old man admitted to our hospital with a history of sepsis and persistent multiorgan failure secondary to walled-off pancreatic necrosis due to acute necrotizing pancreatitis. Firstly, the patient underwent transgastric endoscopic ultrasound-guided drainage using a lumen-apposing metal stent and three sessions of direct endoscopic necrosectomy. Because of recurrence of multiorgan failure and the presence of the necrosis deeper to the pelvic paracolic gutter at computed tomography scan, we decided to perform percutaneous endoscopic necrosectomy using an esophageal self-expandable metal stent. After four sessions of necrosectomy, the collection was resolved without complications. Therefore, we perform a revision of the literature, in order to provide the state-of-art on this technique. The available data are, to date, derived by case reports and case series, which showed high rates both of technical and clinical success. However, a not negligible rate of adverse events has been reported, mainly represented by fistulas and abdominal pain.ConclusionDual approach, using lumen apposing metal stent and percutaneous self-expandable metal stent, is a compelling option of treatment for patients affected by symptomatic, complex walled-off pancreatic necrosis, allowing to directly remove large amounts of necrosis avoiding surgery. Percutaneous endoscopic necrosectomy seems a promising technique that could be part of the step-up-approach, before emergency surgery. However, to date, it should be reserved in referral centers, where a multidisciplinary team is disposable.

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