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Study and optimization of new differential space-time modulation schemes based on the Weyl group for the second generation of MIMO systems

Authors
  • Ji, Hui
Publication Date
Nov 09, 2015
Source
HAL-UPMC
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown
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Abstract

At present, the study of multi-antenna systems MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output) is developed in many cases to intensively increase the number of base station antennas («massive MIMO», «largescale MIMO»), particularly in order to increase the transmission capacity, reduce energy consumed per bit transmitted, exploit the spatial dimension of the propagation channel, reduce the influence of fading, etc. For MIMO systems with narrowband or those using OFDM technique (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex), the propagation channel (or the sub-channels corresponding to each sub-carrier of an OFDM system) are substantially flat (frequency non-selective). In this case the frequency response of each SISO channel is invariant with respect to frequency, but variant in time. Furthermore, the MIMO propagation channel can be characterized in baseband by a matrix whose coefficients are complex numbers. Coherent MIMO systems need to have the knowledge of the channel matrix to be able to demodulate the received signal. Therefore, periodic pilot should be transmitted and received to estimate the channel matrix in real time. The increase of the number of antennas and the change of the propagation channel over time, sometimes quite fast, makes the channel estimation quite difficult or impossible. It is therefore interesting to study differential MIMO systems that do not need to know the channel matrix. For proper operation of these systems, the only constraint is that the channel matrix varies slightly during the transmission of two successive information matrices. The subject of this thesis is the study and analysis of new differential MIMO systems. We consider systems with 2, 4 and 8 transmit antennas, but the method can be extended to MIMO systems with 2n transmit antennas, the number of receive antennas can be any positive integer. For MIMO systems with two transmit antennas that were studied in this thesis, information matrices are elements of the Weyl group. For systems with 2n (n ≥ 2) transmit antennas, the matrices used are obtained by performing the Kronecker product of the unitary matrices in Weyl group. For each number of transmit antennas, we first identify the number of available matrices and the maximum value of the spectral efficiency. For each value of the spectral efficiency, we then determine the best subsets of information matrix to use (depending on the spectrum of the distances or the diversity product criterion). Then we optimize the correspondence or mapping between binary vectors and matrices of information. Finally, the performance of differential MIMO systems are obtained by simulation and compared with those of existing similar systems. […]

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