Relationships and interactions between humans and passionflowers are multiple and complex, including cases such as domestication (among others). Due to their economic importance, passiflowers constitute a very important genetic resource and the characterization of wild and cultivated populations is a priority for Neotropical countries that have the greatest diversity of the genus. More than 80 species produce edible fruits and at least 37 are grown locally and regionally. The implementation of strategies for the conservation and utilization of these genetic resources are necessary due to their potential for the development and diversification of agriculture. A depth study of cultivated plants of the genus Passiflora intends to contribute with designs for programs of conservation of the biodiversity of Passifloracea. In this work the agroecological, biogeographic and ethnobotanical information corresponding to the useful species of Passiflora are presented and discussed.