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Estudo filogenético de populações de Ceratobasidium noxium, agente causal do mal-do-fio do caqui (Diospyrus kaki) e do chá (Camellia sinensis) no Estado de São Paulo, patogenicidade cruzada e reação de variedades de caqui ao patógeno

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Repositório Institucional UNESP
Keywords
  • Caqui
  • Chá
  • Fungos Fitopatogenicos
  • Basidiomicetos
  • Genetica Molecular
  • Evolução (Biologia)
  • Clonagem Molecular
  • Fitopatologia
  • Diospyros Kaki
  • Camellia Sinensis
  • Phytopathogenic Fungi
  • Basidiomycetes
  • Molecular Genetics
  • Evolution (Biology)
  • Molecular Cloning
  • Phytopathology
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Abstract

The white-thread blight is a disease caused by the Basidiomycete fungus Ceratobasidium sp. that affects several native or cropped tree fruits. This disease frequently occurs in zones of high precipitation and high temperatures typical of the tropical forest regions such as the Amazon and the Atlantic Forest. In São Paulo, the occurrence of the white-thread blight was detected only recently on kaki orchards closer to Mogi das Cruzes. That disease can become important with the expansion of the fruit trees cropping areas in the State. Most of the researches about the pathosystem has focused on the epidemiology and control of fungus. However the etiology of the pathogen is not totally defined yet, especially for the fungus populations infecting kaki and tea in São Paulo State. There is also little information available about the biological and genetic divergence between pathogen populations from distinct hosts, such as kaki and tea. The first objective of this research was to determine the global phylogenetic placement of populations of Ceratobasidium from kaki and tea, considering the species of Ceratobasidium described throughout the world. Sequences of the ITS-5.8S region of the rDNA were analyzed, inferring the alleles or haplotypes history for this locus, by phylogenetics, cladistisc and coalescent methods. We observed that the use of C. noxium is appropriate to denominate the fungus species associate with the white-thread blight on kaki and tea, despite the fact that C. noxium from kaki and tea constitutes phylogenetically independent populations, which we denominate Diospyrus and Camellia groups. This study brought an important contribution for the understanding of the phylogenetics and population biology of C. noxium infecting kaki and tea. Once the phylogenetics subjects have been cleared, the second objective of this work was to test the cross-pathogenicity... (Complete abstract, access electronic address below)

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