Estimation of sand suspension in a secondary channel of an alpine river

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Estimation of sand suspension in a secondary channel of an alpine river

Authors
  • Camenen, Benoît
  • Dramais, Guillaume
  • Buffet, Alexis
  • Thollet, Fabien
  • Le Bescond, Chloé
  • Lagouy, Mickaël
  • Berni, Céline
  • Le Coz, Jérôme
Type
Published Article
Journal
E3S Web of Conferences
Publisher
EDP Sciences
Publication Date
Sep 05, 2018
Volume
40
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1051/e3sconf/20184004014
Source
EDP Sciences
Disciplines
  • Sediment and pollutant dynamics in rivers
License
Green

Abstract

In this paper, we present some first attempt to measure graded suspension of sands in an alpine river. It is a real challenge to measure gradedsuspensions of sands in such dynamic rivers. Specific measurements of the graded suspension in the middle of a secondary channel were attempted using a sampler that allows simultaneous sampling at three different elevations (5 cm, 10 cm, and 20 cm) above the bed. Very large concentrations (up to C = 40 g/l) of fine sediments in suspension were measured during a dam reservoir flushing event. It included large amounts of sand (from 10 to 60% of the measured concentration). A substantial graded suspension of sand was measured even for relatively low velocities. Sand fluxes estimates for varying bed shear stresses during the event are discussed. In particular, based on the measured bed shear stress, a semi-empirical formula developed for sand suspension is applied to test its ability to predict sand flux in alpine rivers. The sensibility of such formula to the grain size is very high whereas large uncertainties exist in the measurement (d50 varies from 0.1 to 0.3 mm depending on the sample), which makes its application difficult at the moment.

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