Clinical observations of 68 preterm and term newborns with ultrasonographically diagnosed PVL treated in the Infant Department of the Child Health Center in Warsaw from January 1985 to December 1990 are presented. The most frequent clinical sign in newborns was hypotonia of the lower extremities. Tremors were significantly more frequent in preterms. During the infant period, more clinical signs occurred in connection with cerebral atrophy (ventriculomegaly and subdural space enlargement). Observations were carried from the neonatal period to the age of 6 years. Development of 42 (61.8%) children was normal. In 26 (38.2%) infants from 6 to 12 months old, cerebral palsy (most frequently diplegia) was diagnosed. No significant differences in the frequency of cerebral palsy between terms and preterms were found. Epilepsy and minimal brain dysfunctions were also present.