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Establishing the validity of the personality assessment inventory drug and alcohol scales in a corrections sample.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Assessment
Publication Date
Volume
18
Issue
1
Pages
50–59
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/1073191110368484
PMID: 20484714
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Although not originally designed for implementation in correctional settings, researchers and clinicians have begun to use the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) to assess offenders. A relatively small number of studies have made attempts to validate the alcohol and drug abuse scales of the PAI, and only a very few studies have validated those scales in nonclinical correctional samples. The current study examined evidence of convergent and discriminant validity for the substance abuse scales on the PAI in a large, nonclinical sample of offenders. The net sample for the current study consisted of 1,120 federal inmates. Both the drug abuse and alcohol scales showed good convergent validity through high correlations with relevant proximal and distal indicators of substance use across multiple measures from several data sources. Discriminant validity was established as neither scale showed any "erroneous" correlations after controlling for the other scale. Implications for future research and practice are discussed.

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